Study says think faster as you age by enhancing exercise and mental activity

Reduce your risk of dementia with these food and activity choices – CNN

one study Investigate how physical and mental activities such as housework, exercise and visiting family and friends can reduce the risk of developing dementia. The Another study It looked at the effect of eating ultra-processed foods on future dementia risk.

More than 500,000 people participating in the UK’s Biobank, which houses in-depth genetic and health information, were asked how often they climb stairs, walk, cycle, do housework, work or participate in strenuous sports.

The same group of people was also asked about their education level and whether they had gone to adult education classes, how often they visited friends and family, and how often they participated in social clubs or religious groups. They were then questioned about the extent of their electronic use, such as playing computer games, watching television, and using a smartphone.

The participants were followed for 11 years to see if they developed dementia.

The researchers found that people who engaged most in activity patterns such as repetitive exercise had a 35% lower risk of developing dementia compared to people least involved in these activities.

Doing household chores regularly reduces risk by 21%, while daily visits with family and friends reduce the risk of dementia by 15%, compared to people who are least involved. The study found that visiting bars increases the risk.

“Social activity is a form of cognitive stimulation and helps build cognitive reserve, which may partly explain how it prevents dementia,” said Dr. Kilian Newtis, a neurologist at the Alzheimer’s Prevention Clinic at Weill Cornell Medicine and New York Presbyterian. He did not participate in the study.

People who participate in regular social activities also have more proteins that protect memory and are more likely to feel the meaning of life — all of which are important for brain health. As a bonus, she said, exercising with others may amplify each other’s benefit.

The researchers found that all study participants benefited from the protective effect of physical and mental activities, whether or not they had a family history of dementia.

A major limitation of the study was that the subjects were asked to remember their activities, not track them objectively, and they were only asked once at the start of the study about their behaviors.

Reduce your risk of dementia by improving your diet and increasing activity levels, studies say.

“More research is needed to confirm our findings. However, our results are encouraging that making these simple lifestyle changes may be beneficial,” study author Dr. Huan Song, a professor at Sichuan University in Chengdu, China, said in a statement.

Ultra-processed foods hurt

A new study of data from the UK Biobank has found that replacing ultra-processed foods such as cookies, ice cream and potato chips with whole, unprocessed foods can help fight dementia.

“The results show that ultra-processed foods are not only bad for brain health, but removing them from your diet may improve cognitive outcomes and reduce your risk of dementia,” said Newtis, who was not involved in the study.

Ultra-processed foods are usually high in added fats, salt, and sugar, while at the same time low in protein and fiber.

Mediterranean Diet Best Diet 2022
(The researchers showed) that replacing 20% ​​of the weight of ultra-processed foods in the diet with an equivalent amount of unprocessed/minimally processed food was associated with a 34% lower risk of dementia and a 39% lower risk of vascular dementia (but not Alzheimer’s disease). ),” wrote Maura Walker, a research assistant professor at Boston University and Nicole Spartano, an assistant professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine. In an accompanying editorial. They did not participate in the study.

Processed and unprocessed foods are defined as whole foods in which vitamins and nutrients are still intact. Raw and frozen vegetables, whole grains, legumes, beans, fruits, nuts, meat, seafood, herbs, spices, garlic, eggs, and milk can all fall into this category.

“Our results also show an increase in unprocessed or minimally processed foods by only 50 grams per day, which is equivalent to half an apple or serving of corn or a bowl of bran, while decreasing ultra-processed foods by 50 grams per day,” said the study author. Huiping Li, from the Institute of Nutritional Epidemiology at Tianjin Medical University in China, said in a statement that the equivalent of a piece of chocolate or a piece of fish sticks, is associated with a 3% lower risk of dementia.

Studies say a long life comes from eating right.  Here's how to get started

“It is encouraging to know that small, manageable changes in diet may make a difference to a person’s risk of developing dementia,” Lee told me. The study can only establish an association, not a cause, and additional studies are needed.

Ultra-processed foods go through multiple processes during manufacture and can contain many ingredients added to improve taste and extend shelf life. Examples include soft drinks, sausages, french fries, sweetened breakfast cereals, canned soups, chicken nuggets, candy, chips, ice cream – the list goes on and on.

“Ultra-processed foods are meant to be convenient and delicious (but) these foods may also contain food additives, particles from packaging or are produced during heating, which have been shown in other studies to have negative effects on thinking skills and memory,” Lee said.

#Reduce #risk #dementia #food #activity #choices #CNN

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.