Photo: A sign announces the sale of cigarettes at a Dukhan store on April 28, 2022 in Los Angeles.

A study finds that smoking and electronic vaping increase the risk of death from the Corona virus – ABC News

Smokers and newspapers are more likely to get stretch marks A severe case of COVID-19 Or die of disease, a new study finds.

People who reported using tobacco products before hospitalization were 39% more likely to have mechanical ventilation compared to non-smokers.

Furthermore, they were 45% more likely to die.

Although smoking and vaping are known to damage the lungs and suppress the immune system, making people more susceptible to COVID-19 and less likely to fight off the disease, there is limited information on the link between smoking and the severity of COVID-19.

“Like everyone else, we have been very concerned about COVID and trying to understand what important risk factors predispose people to more severe outcomes,” first author Dr. Aruni Bhatangar, professor of medicine, biochemistry and molecular biology at the University of Louisville, told ABC News. “And we were concerned about whether tobacco use might affect the severity of COVID, as well as the outcomes.”

He added, “There has been a lot of work, a lot of monitoring work done in the area with claims and counter-claims. Some people say smoking is bad, some say not so bad. So we thought we really needed to have a comprehensive study to address the problem.”

For a study published in a scientific journal PLUS ONEThe team looked at data from the American Heart Association’s COVID-19 Cardiovascular Registry including more than 4,000 people over the age of 18 who were hospitalized with COVID-19 between January 2020 and March 2021.

A sign advertises cigarettes for sale at a smoke shop on April 28, 2022 in Los Angeles.

Mario Tama/Getty Images, file

People were classified as smokers if they reported their current use of conventional cigarettes or e-cigarettes. However, the study did not assess whether there was a difference in the level of risk between those who smoke e-cigarettes versus those who smoke.

The researchers — from the AHA’s Center for Tobacco Regulation and the University of Louisville, in Kentucky — found that smoking or vaping was associated with more COVID-19 deaths and hospitalizations regardless of a patient’s age, sex, race/ethnicity or medical history.

Batangar said the risk estimates were a bit surprising and even “higher than we thought it would be”.

However, some subgroups were at a higher risk of dying from COVID-19 than others.

Smokers ages 18 to 59 were more likely to die from disease than those 60 and older, despite COVID’s tendency to affect older adults.

“This was a surprising finding and we’ve been thinking about this part for a while, and it looks like maybe because the baseline death rates in that age group were lower, so any risk factors are more likely to be reported than [in] People over the age of 60,” Bhatangar said.

In addition, white smokers had a higher risk of dying from COVID than black and Hispanic patients, groups that have been disproportionately affected by the virus and its complications. However, Hispanic patients were more likely to be placed on a ventilator.

Smoking has also been linked to an increased risk of death among smokers with medical conditions such as obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and chronic kidney disease, as well as those receiving anticoagulants prior to hospitalization.

The team says its study has some limitations, including a lack of a complete smoking history for participants and no information on how many cigarettes or other tobacco products patients use per day or for how many years.

For future research, Bhatangar said he’s interested in studying how smoking affects vaccine outcomes, whether smoking increases risk, the difference between current and former smokers, and the same things among a larger group of e-cigarettes.

“The clear message is that if you smoke, you are at greater risk, [then] The general advice, he said, is always to quit smoking completely. But the most important thing is that it is with doctors and hospitalizations, it is important that we take a medical history. [into account] Because smokers are probably more likely to get seriously ill and may need more aggressive medical care because they are more likely to use ventilators.”

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